Uma S. Shah and Amol Dahal
National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre (Gene Bank),
Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), P. O.Box 3055, Nepal
Agriculture is the major sector of Nepalese economy. It provides employment opportunities to 66 percent of the total population and contributes about 36 percent in the GDP. Therefore, the development of agriculture sector is the key for development of national economy. However the lack of improved varieties seems to be a root cause for low agricultural production and poor economic growth of the country. If this situation persists, the significant part of the country’s economy will have to be spent on import of agricultural commodities in the future. Hence it is high time to go for advanced technologies that enhance agricultural produce to ensure food security in Nepal. In this context, biotechnological innovation and commercialization has great potential for agriculture and economic development of the country. Advanced researches on biotechnology for crop improvements and development and commercialization of GM crops could give definite direction to the agriculture of the country.